Municipal Solid Waste Services collect, treat, and recycle waste materials in many ways. Informally or formally designated neighbourhood dumping sites collect both bagged and loose waste. They are typically located along roadsides in areas with low per capita waste generation rates. Recycling is often done informally, through waste picking, through localized markets, and through the sale of recycled goods. Organic materials, however, are rarely recycled in this way. Many communities have varying degrees of success.
There are many differences in fee structures for waste collection services. Some cities offer monthly service and others offer annual contracts. In San Antonio, Century waste the fee is a flat monthly or annual amount, and in Los Angeles, recycling fees are collected through the building’s water bill. Pay-as-you-throw systems also exist, creating financial incentives to reduce the amount of trash and recyclable materials generated. San Francisco and San Jose offer 96 and 12 gallon bins.
Interstate Waste Services’ roots can be traced back to the late 1940s. Frank DiBella founded his first sanitation service in 1947 and grew it into a $50 million company in the sixties. His son, Philip DiBella, took over the company in the 1960s and developed it into a 100-truck operation. In 1998, he sold it to Waste Management, and his son, Michael DiBella, has used his years of experience growing up in the industry to start his own company.
Various government agencies are involved in the collection, processing, and disposal of waste. Despite their important roles, however, many of these government entities have poor management systems. Ineffective policies, low salaries, lack of transparency in decision-making, and complicated procurement methods have led to high levels of inefficiency in many governments. The lack of adequate management systems is linked to political influence in making technical decisions. Ineffective staff can result in a high percentage of waste that is thrown away.
Despite the numerous benefits of proper waste management, the existing infrastructure has not kept pace with the region’s rapid economic growth. The result has been poor standards and a lack of financing. These standards remain low in smaller cities and communities. Inappropriate technologies can also cause issues, leading to plant failures. In a city such as Singapore, the Ministry of Environment, through a private limited company, created a private limited company called SEMAC Pte Ltd.
In developing countries, the efficiency of waste collection and transfer is severely limited due to financial constraints and lack of technical expertise. The lack of storage bins, transfer stations, and vehicles have a direct impact on collection efficiency. Moreover, public compliance is often poor, resulting in heaps of refuse being left on streets and drains. In some areas, there are overlapping responsibilities and no system for ensuring safety and sanitation. Developing nations need to develop solid waste management to reduce pollution and improve the quality of life.
The Asian and Pacific Region produces 1.5 million tonnes of MSW each day and is expected to double by 2025. The World Bank estimates the total waste generation at this rate as conservative, but the reality will likely exceed those estimates. In addition to this, there is a large amount of hazardous waste generated in Asia and the Pacific Region. Some of these materials may be explosive or corrosive. The only way to minimize this threat is through proper waste management.